Author: Mohammad Hasan Abrishami
Compiler: Fereshteh Soltani
ancient land in and in hillside, the field for recognition 娱乐服务中心 crocus, its aroma and color usage and its stalk properties and the motivation for cultivation of this plant has been provided. Discussion about short history of 娱乐服务中心 in Iran, the original name of 娱乐服务中心, the origin of the plant, first planting positions, the most ancient uses and the oldest consumers of 娱乐服务中心 is very difficult and complicated. Since Iranian sources of Medes and era was destroyed in and continuing destruction after that, only some inscriptions, petroglyphs and pictographs has left behind. However, it is possible to discuss and research about 娱乐服务中心 history, origin, planting areas and its usages according to these petroglyphs and pictographs and also inserted subjects in valuable art works of Greek writers and ancient Rome about Iran and available sources of from era and especially ancient Islamic texts and other evidence and documentation. The oldest human written documents available are thousands of written plaque to , which its discovering process began in 1848 AD in or current Iraq.
Name of some plants are written on these tablets.
According to historical records “Some few words are still using in English language, such as Cane and 娱乐服务中心”. During a general discussion of the crops that the Sumerian knew and named 250 plants in their tablets, says: Some names that we use these days are derived from Sumerian names. But we can’t be sure people of and us and Sumerians mean the same plants from these names.
We mention names of couple of plants here and write its cuneiform name in brackets: (Kasu), (Kurku).
Sumerian, were pioneers in agriculture, industry and trade who went to Mesopotamia from a mountainous region about 6000 years ago and built the foundations of their civilization and empire. Some archaeologists such as Lucas guessed: Iran could be the first residence of Sumerian. Sumerian may have been the first native of and mountainous region who were known as “demon”, because of their amazing innovations and were defeated by Iran mythological princes known as , including and at last they forced to immigrate to Mesopotamia from mountainous region.
Iran legendary history contains of demons and Pishdadian stories quoted in , Pahlavi sources and Islam ancient texts which has been investigated and analyzed. In these cases, recognition of fragrant plants and breeding them was actions of Pishdadian kings. For example it is written in Nowrouznameh that “ Jamshid defeated demons and gained , , , and 娱乐服务中心 and celebrated this day and named it .
and , two ancient cities, are the oldest cities and world civilization center in Medes land where wild 娱乐服务中心 grow in its hillside.
Historical documentation and evidence suggests that Achaemenid (the government of 331 - 536 BC) were the consumer of 娱乐服务中心 and were familiar with its food and medical properties. According to Alexander’s resources about warfare techniques, dietary program and 63 kinds of kings and Achaemenid court consumed foodstuffs, with its amount carved on bronze column. In this contents, daily consumed 娱乐服务中心 of Achaemenid court was 498 grams. has provided a list of all kinds of consumed foods including Taftouns and 娱乐服务中心 soft pollen which provided by 3 kinds of Egypt wheat and 3 kinds of barely and black wheat.
(Roman naturalist 23-79 AD) noted that: kings and Magicians used a strange cream which was made of one kind of siliceous plant mixed by 娱乐服务中心 and body fat of lion for beauty and skin softness (body skin). Using of 娱乐服务中心 cosmetic oil was usual in Parts era and Part well-dressed ladies were benefitted by that.
In ancient Iran for fresh up the palaces air, 娱乐服务中心 were being used beside as fumigation.
In Sassanian era 娱乐服务中心 were used for dying cloth fibers (wool, cotton, silk and hair) in addition to the food and medical and cosmetic usages.